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    Labarai wanda akafi karantawa

    Dan takaitaccen Karin haske kan zamanin Imam Alkazim (as)






     

    Dan takaitaccen Karin haske kan zamanin Imam Alkazim (as)

    Hakika Imamai sha biyu (as) daga zuriyar manzon Allah(s.a.w) dukkaninsu daga haske guda daya suka fito hakikar muhammadiya tana tajalli cikinsu waton kasantuwarsa rahama ga dukkanin talikai, lallai su sun kasance dayantar hadafi da manufa sai dai kowannensu yanada rawar da ya taka mafi girman hadafinsu da manufarsu shine kare muslunci da tsare shi har ya kai lokacin da zai cika duniya da Adalci da daidaito bayan ta cika da zalunci da danniya, duk da banbancin rawar da kowannensu ya taka  cikin isar da sakon Allah da kareshi daga abin da ya kewayu daga yanayin zamani da bukatunsa da yadda yake kasancewa da hukuntawa.

    Sai dai ita rayuwar Imam Alkazim (as) da halayensa da sulukinsa masu albarka daga baki dayan sasanni da fagage, lalle rayuwarsa ta fifita ta banbanta da dakiya cikin tsayawa kan gaskiya da kafewa da kuma tsayawa kyam a gaban matsaloli masu ban tsoro a wancan zamani nasa ta hanyar yakarsu  da kuma mabayyanin suluki da karkacewa bata tasiri cikinsa ko cunuwa da tsoratarwa lallai Imam (as) ya siffantu da daidaituwa, hakika zamanin Imam Sadik da Imam Alkazim (as) zamani ne da ya cika da afkuwar al’amurra masu ban tsoro da mamaki sakamakon kasantuwarsa zamani da siyasar sarakuna ke tashenta kai Musamman ma juyin-juya hali mai dauke da makamai  wanda mafi bayyana da shahararsa shine juyin- juya halin shahidi Zaidu ibn Ali (as) da juyin-juya halin Hashimawa wanda ya yi sanadiyar faduwar daular Umayyawa mayaudara, lallai al’ummar musulmi sun yunkura cikin hamasa zuwa ga kawar da daular Umayyawa makiya Ahlul baiti (as) wadanda daularsu ta kafu kan kaskantar da al’ummar musulmi da zaluntarsu da kwace hakkokinsu da karamcinsu da danne musu mafi kankantar hakki daga hakkokin shari’a da zamantakewa da Abubuwan da rayuwa ta doru kansu wannan juyin juya hali na Hashimawa ya yunkuro da taken yarda na ga iyalan manzon Allah (s.a.w) lallai wannan juyin juya halin ya samu karbuwa daga jama’a  daga kowanne jigawa da kurmi jama’a sun yunkura da hamasa domin karamcinsu da kuma kubuta daga zalunci da danniyar Umayyawa bisa imaninsu da cewa iyalan manzon Allah (s.a.w) sune tushe na farko domin samun madaukakin hadafi da kowa ke nema da fafutika domin aikata adalci da dabbaka shi da zartar da shi cikin zamantakewa da kuma karfafa `yanci da yaduwarsa da daidaito da bada hakkoki.

    babu wani mutum da ya yi zaton cewa wannan juyin-juya hali na kunshe da yaudara da kawo banul Abbas kan karagar mulki bayan kawar da banu umayya domin su banu Abbas ma ai tuntuni ambatonsu ya dadishe basu da wani shaida abar nunawa ko wani aiki da sukayi tukuru da zai zama abin misali ga hidimtawa muslunci da musulmai..

    Daga baya sai wannan yunkuri na juyin juya hali ya karkace ya juya daga hanyar da yake kai da aka tsara masa daga garin abwa’i lokacin da akayiwa Muhammad ibn Abdullah Zul Nafsul zakiyya mubaya’a ga halifanci ya karkata ga yiwa banul Abbas mubaya’a da dorasu kan karagar mulki da jagorancin Abu Muslim Kurasani bisa wani shiri da tsarawa da ittifaki na boye da sukayi a bayan labule da akayi cikin duhun dare wanda ya kafa turakun mulkin Abbasiyawa da sojojin Kurasan da Bagadaza da Damashak.

    Mulkin banul Abbas bai kafu ba face kan tafkunan jinane da tulin gawarwaki da suka kashe wadanda cikinsu akwai wanda basu da laifin komai basu ji basu gani ba, daga kananan yara da marasa lafiya da tsofaffi.

    Kamar yadda ayyuka na bushewar zuciya da Mansur Abbasi Aldawaniki ya gudanar wanda ya sunnanta su kan `ya`yan baffansa Alawiyyawa wadda ta tafi ta bar gurbi mai zurfi da radadi cikin zukatan Imamai biyu Sadik da Alkazim (as) bayan Mansur Dawaniki ya azabtar da `ya`yan baffanensa Hassan da Husaini (as) da mafi muni da tsananin azaba, daga cikin guraben da sakamako da wannan hari da waki’ar suka haifar shine mikewar mulkin danniya da rashin tausayi da kisan daruruwan Alawiyyawa cikin waki’ar (fakku) da ta afku kusa da garin makka mai karamci.

    Imam Alkazim (as) da kankin kansa ya ga dukkanin wadannan musibu da kashe-kashe masu tsananin daci ya kuma dayantu da dauriya da hadiye fushi da yin hakuri da daukar wahalhalu da musibu masu tsanani wadanda ya yi gogayya da su daga dagutan zamaninsa halifofin zalunci da danniya da fajirci, hakika sun kai iyaka cikin zaluntarsa da azabtar da shi, hakika sarakunan Abbasiyawa sunyi yunkurin halaka Imam Alkazim (as) lokuta da dama ta hanyoyi daban-daban Musammam ma sarki Almahadi da Haruna Rashid wanda daga karshe Haruna Rashid(l.) ya yi gangancin halaka shi bayan ya daure shi ya wurga shi cikin gidan yari da yake cike da duhu cikin ramin rijiya bayan ya kore shi daga garin madina garin kakansa (s.a.w) ya zuwa Iraki ya tsare shi a birnin Basara daga nan kuma ya mayar da shi zuwa Bagdaza tsawon shekaru Imam (as) ya na ta fama da wahalhalu daga wannan sai waccan cikin danne hakkokinsa da zaluntarsa da tsananta masa yanata kwankwadar bala’i da musibu sai dai cewa hakan sam bai tasiri kansa ba cikin kokawa ko yin raki daga wannan radadi mai tsanani bari ma dai shi ya kasance ya na bayyana godiyarsa ga ubangijinsa domin tsawon lokaci yana rokon Allah ya azurta shi da wani lokaci dai zai bauta masa da yankewa gare shi, kai hatta makiyinsa Haruna Abbasi (as) ya yi masa shaida kuma ita falala shine abin da hatta makiyinka ya yi maka shaida kansa, lallai shi ya yin da aka tsare shi a gidan yarin Falalu ibn Rabi’I shi Falalu ya ba da labarin yadda Imam (as) yake yawan ibada da tahajjudi da zuhudu daga duniya da fuskantar ubangiji matsarkaki sai Haruna Abbasi (l.a) ya ce: (lallai babu shakka shi waliyyine daga cikin banu hashim) tarihin yadda ya rayu ya kasance yana mallakar zukata lallai cike yake da daukakar ma’anoni da tsarkaka da girma da gudun duniya da tarkacenta da sallamawa zuwa ga Allah mai girma da daukaka

    Cikin gidan yarin Sanadi ibn Shahik da umarnin Haruna Rashid (l.a) aka shayar da Imam Alkazim (as) guba mai kisa wadda ta halakar da rayuwarsa da shahadantar da shi yana cikin halin bautar Allah da tahajjudi Amincin Allah ya tabbata gare shi da iyayensa tsarkaka zababbu mafi falalar gaisuwa da aminci garesu da mafi cikar girma da karamci da hakkin ma’abocin girma da karamci.

    Makarantar Imam Alkazim (as):

    Idan muka bijiro da wani bangare daga rayuwar Imaminmu majibancin lamarinmu Imam Musa Alkazim (as) lalle zamu sami kawukanmu gaban tarin gado mai girma mai cika da zuciya mai nutsuwa mai haskaka da take kwarar da alheri da kyawu, tana dauke da kayauta da da fuskanta dadacacciya ga al’ummar musulmi cikin amudan zamani.

    Kamar yadda Imaminmu ya tsaya kyam cikin gudanar da lamurran al’umma da suke tattare da ilimin babansa Sadik (as) da kakansa bakir (as) wanda ya tsage ya keta ilimi mutanen farko dana karshe sai ya zamanto ya assasa makaranta madawwamiya da ta ginu kan littafin Allah da zuriyar manzon Allah (s.a.w) zababbu tsarkaka kan hankaltuwa hujjar Allah boyayya wacce ake la’akari da ita a matsayin cibiya ta farko ta wayar da kai da hankali a muslunci, ita ce makaranta ta farko da ta yaye taurari da gaggan malamai daga cikinsu sahabbai marawaitan hadisai daga Imamai da kuma Almajiransu, sannan haskenta ya mike tsawon zamanai da suka a baya  ya tuke har zamaninmu dama wanda zai zo baya zuwa bayyanar Imamul hujja (a.f) lallai wannan makaranta na dauke da ruhin muslunci na hakika da shiriyarsa mai albarka madawwamiya da dawwamar Kur’ani da zamani.

    Lalle shi Imam (as)  da wannan makaranta tasa mai shiryarwa ya yaki matsaloli wanda zamaninsa ya haifar da su sakamkon yaduwar munanan Akidu da tunannuka masu rusa addini kamar misalin zindikanci da gullanci da makamantansu hakika wadannan munanan Abubuwa sun nufi ganin bayan muslunci da girgiza turakun da ya kafu kansu.

    Hakika Imam Musa Alkazim (as) ya bugi kirji ya kalubalance su da dukkanin bakin ikonsa da abin da yanayi ya saukaka masa da yake kewaye da shi, kamar yadda mahaifinsa ya yi a baya, ya fito da iliminsa ya bayyanar da hujjojinsa cikin munazarori da ya yi tare da masu dauke da ire iren miyagun wadancan Akidu da tunannnuka daga gullanci da zindikanci da makamantansu daga tunanunka dake ruguza addini wadanda suka cika duniyar muslunci a wancan lokaci su kai yunkurin tsinka igiyar da ta hada musulmai da dangantakarsu ta zamantakewa da kuma batar da ra’ayi gamamme cikin yawancin bangarorinsa na zamantakewa da Akida, lalle Imam (as) ya yi gaggawa wajen farkar da musulmai da tsoratar da su hadarin wadancan akidu na bata da karkatar tunani da akida kamar yadda mahaifinsa Sadik (as) ya yi a baya.

    Imam (as) ya kasance ya gudanar da  munazarara mai cike da balaga  tare da  yahudu da nasara, kamar yadda ya yi tare da abokan bugawarsa da makiyansa  da hAlifofin zamaninsa, lalle Imam(as) ya samu nasara cikin dukkanin munazarorin  da tsayar da hujja mai isarwa  da dAlili mai huda mai ruguje dAlilan makiya ya rusa da’awowinsu da bainda suk tafi kai, lallai Imam(as) ya kasance ya taka bayyananniyar rawa cikin ruguje shubuhohin zindikai da masu kore samuwar Allah da shubuhohin masu bin kagaggiyar mazhaba da makalolinsu cikin fagen tauhidi da akidu na gaskiya gasgatattu. Haka ya tabbatar da gurbatar akidun masu kore samuwar Allah da munafukai da kangararru karkatattu.

    Wannan Kenan ballantana sahabbansa da almajiransa, lallai su sun taka rawa cikin yada tunanin Imamanci da bahasinta madaukaki, kamar misAlin hisham ibn hakam  da Hisham ibn Salim da Muminil Daku da sauransu daga sahabban Imamai, hakan duka cikin munazarorinsu da kafa dalilansu tare da jagororin mazhabobin muslunci a wancan lokaci, Lamarin da ya kai ga yaduwar tunanin Imamai Ahlul baiti (as) da yaduwar hadisansu da falalolinsu da hujjojinsu da hanyarsu madaidaiciya albarkacin hujjojinsu da dalilansu masu huda da galaba wanda suka doru kan hanyar da tsarin ilimi da bahasi da yake kan maudu’i tsantsa da tunani `yantacce, da hankali dacacce da wayewa.

    Lallai Imam (as) ya wayi gari bayan mahaifinsa Sadik (as)  ya zamnto mahaskaka ga ilimi sannan kuma samfurin sanin Allah, ya mike cikin yada ilimummukan Ahlul baiti (as) ta hanyar ba da darasi  da yin muhadara ta ilimi  da rawaitar da hadisai daga iyayensa da kakaninsa tsarkaka  da kakansa annabin Allah (s.a.w) cikin ilimummuka daban-daban kamar misalign akidu  da Akhlak da fikihu da hadisi da tafsiri da wasunsu daga ilimummuka da fannoni da iliman sanin addini ga dalibansa da almajiransa da sahabbansa masu daraja.

    Hakika amsa kuwa gaggan malamai masana fikihu da marawaita hadisai masu daraja sun fito daga wannan makaranta wanda adadinsu ya kai mutum (539) masana hadisi da fikihu wadanda malam shabastari cikin littafin (Ahsanul Tarijim Li Ashabul Imam Musal Kazim (a.s) ya kidaito mutum 532 daga cikin wadanda suka rawaici hadisai daga gare shi (as) sannan ya riskar da mutum bakwai daga karshen littafin.

    Hakika mutane bakwai daga sahabbansa sun fifitu da gaskiya da rikon amana wadanda dukkanin jama’a da marawaitan hadisai su kayi ijma’I kan gaskiyarsu cikin dukkanin abin da suke rawaitowa daga Imamai tsarkaka amintattu, sannan mutum goma sha takwas sun shahara daga marawaitan hadisai na Imamiya sune wadanda suka shahara aka sansu da sunan AshAbul ijma’i daga sahabban Imamai uku na Bakir da Sadik da Alkazim (as) wasu kuma sun ce su sha tarane 19 shida daga sahabban Abu Jafar Muhammadl bakir (as)  shida kuma daga Abu Abdullah Imam Jafar Sadik (as) shida karshe daga Abu Hassan Imam Musa Alkazim (as) sune: Yunus ibn Abdur Rahman, Sufwanu ibn Yahaya Bayya’u Sabiri, Mohd ibn Abu Umairu, Abdullah ibn Mugira, Hassan ibn Mahbub Sarrad, Ahmad ibn Mohd ibn Abi Nasar Albazandi (ks) lalle su sun kasance daga manya manyan sikoki. Wadannan a fagen fikihu Kenan amma ragowar fagagen tunani da akidu (ilmul kalam) da lugga da kur’ani da abin da ya kama da su lalle nan ma akwai zababbu kebantattu ciki.

    An karbo daga Sayyid Dawus (ks) lallai ya kasance idan wasu kebantattun jama’a daga sahabban Abul Hassan Imam Musa Alkazim (as) daga Ahlul baiti da `yan shi’arsa suka halarci majalisinsa sannan tare da su akwai Allon rubuntu da yake aljihunan hannun rigarsu, take idan ya furta kalma cikin wani Abu da yake sauka sai su rubuta ta daga abin da sukaji daga gare shi.

    Ahmad ibn Hanbal Limamin mazhabar hanbaliya ya kasance yana rawaita daga Imam Alkazim (as) sai ya ce: Musa ibn Jafar ya zantar dani ya ce: baban Jafar ibn Muhammad ya zantar dani ya ce: babana Ali Husaini ibn Ali ya zantar dani ya ce: baban Husaini ibn Ali ya zantar dani ya ce: Abu Husaini ibn Ali ya zantar dani ya ce: babana Ali ibn Abu dalib (as) ya zantar dani ya ce: manzon Allah(s.a.w) ya ce. Sannan Ahmad ibn Hanbal ya ce: da za’a karanta wannan isandi kan mahaukaci da take ya warke daga cutar hauka.

    Daga cikin wadanda suka rawaita daga Imam Musa kazim(as) akwai kadibu albagdadi cikin tarihin bagdad, da sam’ani cikin arisala alkawwamiya, da Abu sAlihu mu’azzinu  cikin arba’in, da sa’alabi cikin alakshfu walbayan.

    Hakika sahabban Imam (as) da almajiransa da shi’arsa sun taka rawa mai muhimmancin gaske cikin yada ilimin muslunci cikin dukkanin wani yanki duniya  tsakannin kebantattun da gama gari, hakika makarantar Imam kazim (as) ta yaye zababbu fitattu daga malamai manya-manya da masana fikihu da akidu daga cikisu sika mai girman daraja  Hisham ibn Hakam hakika ya kware ya goge cikin ilimin sanin akida  da kuma cikin munazara da jidali har sai da ya shahara tsakankanin masana a wannan zamani, hakika ya rawaici da yawa-yawan riwayoyi cikin akidu da tafsiri da hukunce-hukunce, sannan ya zam ta hanyar munazararsa karfaffa tare da kafirai da masu kore samuwar Allah da zindikai da munafukai da masu mazhabobi sabanin mazhabar Ahlul baiti da ire irensu. Ya kasance yana fitowa daga munazararsa cikin nasara har ta kai ga wasu daga abokan munazararsa suna sallamawa gaskiya su rungumeta su muslunta su riki mazhbar Ahlul baiti (as) kamar yadda tarihin da nassoshi sukai shaida kan haka.